Social exclusion and social protection

Social exclusion is widely perceived as a process of deprivation, with the negative outcome of hindering certain individuals or groups from participating in the activities within their society. Conceivably, social exclusion is worse than poverty especially when it occurs in old age, widowhood and childhood. It is characterised by mutually reinforcing disadvantages such as unemployment, poor skills, low income, poor housing, high crime environments, bad health, and family breakdown. Social exclusion is an extreme form of poverty, involving linked, multiple and mutually reinforcing disadvantages.

Chronic poverty is also ravaging many communities in Africa. A report has shown that chronic poverty is likely to reassert itself generationally, leaving more than 1.5billion people in chronic poverty even in the event that the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are met. However, in spite of the seriousness of social exclusion and chronic poverty in Africa, there is little empirical research on the incidences let alone well defined policy strategies to tackle the outcomes.

We are contributing to the development and implementation of social protection policies in Africa through our research projects. These projects focus on the dynamics and conceptual dimensions of social exclusion and social protection. We are promoting the use of empirical statistics in the implementation of social policies in the areas of human rights and citizenship, tax exemption, pension and insurance schemes.